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                                            Pain

                                            Giving attention to patients

                                            The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage”1. Pain is a subjective concept based entirely on personal experience. What patients say and how they behave are the only ways of detecting it, recognizing it, evaluating its intensity and monitoring the treatment efficiency.

                                            2/3

                                            medical consultations are caused by pain2

                                            Two main types of pain

                                            Pain may be acute and time-limited following an injury or trauma, during surgery or post-surgery (the type of pain triggered by treatment, for example: injections, dressings, blood tests, movement of the patient). Acute pain is therefore a form of alarm that allows the body to react and protect itself against mechanical, chemical or thermal stimulus.

                                            Pain can also be chronic when it takes the form of a long-term (over 3?months) “disease-specific pain”. This type of pain may be neuropathic (postsurgical, diabetic, post chemotherapy, etc.), inflammatory (osteoarthritis) or dysfunctional (fibromyalgia).

                                            Pain is the cause of nearly two-thirds of medical consultations and is the subject of many research studies, both fundamental and clinical2.

                                            Air?Liquide Healthcare has a longstanding commitment to combating pain.

                                            Pain relief

                                            Analgesics, medical gases, specific medications… Pain relief takes many forms

                                            Pain relief takes many forms:

                                            • Analgesics are prescribed depending on the type and intensity of pain2-3
                                            • Medical gases meet both hospitals (operating rooms, recovery rooms, emergency rooms, etc.) and out-of-hospitals needs (transportation of casualties)3
                                            • A number of specific medications (antidepressants and anticonvulsants) are used to treat neuropathic pain2
                                            • Many methods other than medication are now recognized by the medical profession, including acupuncture, relaxation therapy, sophrology and hypnosis.2
                                            Qualified personnel is dedicated to the delivery of hospital and home treatment.

                                            Our commitment to combating pain

                                            Aware of the ethical, human and public health challenges posed by pain relief, Air?Liquide Healthcare is present:

                                            • In hospitals with our range of medical gases
                                            • In patients’ home by providing care for patients receiving infusion therapy

                                            Air?Liquide Healthcare has a longstanding commitment to combating pain.

                                            Assisting patients in pain

                                            The healthcare provider cares for hospital patients by supplying the medical gases used to relieve their pain. The home healthcare provider delivers care for patients requiring infusion therapy.

                                            To maintain patient safety and healthcare professional confidence, the healthcare provider ensures the provision of:

                                            • Qualified personnel dedicated to the delivery of hospital and home treatment
                                            • Patient information and training in the day-to-day use of the treatment provided
                                            • Regular patient follow-up and support

                                            References:

                                            1. French Ministry of Social Affairs, Health and Women's Rights. Pain, April 2014. Available at: www.sante.gouv.fr/la-douleur.html, viewed 11/19/2014.
                                            2. INSERM UMRS 975. Pain, July 2011. Available at: www.inserm.fr/thematiques/neurosciences-sciences-cognitives-neurologie-psychiatrie/dossiers-d-information/douleur, viewed 11/18/2014.
                                            3. INCA. Avoiding or reducing treatment-related pain, November 2009. Available at: www.e-cancer.fr/cancerinfo/qualite-de-vie/douleur/limiter-les-douleurs/eviter-ou-diminuer-la-douleur#gazantidouleur, viewed on 12/12/2014.

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